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Jaldapara Sanctuary - Gorumara National Park

Jaldapara Sanctuary

Located in Alipurduar Sub-Division of Jalpaiguri District in West Bengal, the amazing wildlife destination of Jaldapara is much famous for the Indian one-horned rhino for the protection of which the Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary was brought into existence way back in 1941.

Covering a total area of nearly 216 sq km, the wildlife reserve is a beautiful mosaic of woods, grasslands, recurrent streams, sandy river banks, apart from wide belts of tall grass. The wildlife reserve contains an incredible diversity of flora and fauna of mixed deciduous forest, grasslands and river banks.

Also home to a wide variety of wildlife, particularly the Great Indian One Horned Rhinos, the Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary include luxuriant vegetation and a rich variety of wildlife. The river Torsha flows through this rain forest sanctuary. The Malangi River also flows nearby, from east to west. The only way to move inside this forest is by riding elephants.

The sanctuary, apart from the renowned Great Indian One Horned rhinos, houses Royal Bengal Tigers, wild elephants, deers, wild pigs, hog deers, bisons, not to mention swamp deers. A few rare species, including the hispid hare and the hog-badger, could also be found here.

The wildlife sanctuary also houses several types of birds, including Pallas's Fishing Eagle, the Crested Eagle and shikra, besides patridges, peafowl, Jungle fowl, Bengal Florican, apart from lesser Pied Hornbill. Python, cobras, krates, monitor lizards, geckos and close to eight species of fresh water turtles also inhabit the region, completing the beautiful wildlife picture of this incredible wildlife destination of West Bengal.

In addition to thrilling wildlife viewing, plenty of scope exists for other remarkable holiday activities, such as elephant riding and gentle walks through the towering grass.

Anthropological & Cultural Background

Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary is the place where the ancient "Toto" tribe holds forte - refusing to make way for the onward march of the so-called modern civilization. With a home in "Totopara" -- a village located to the north of the park – the Toto tribe’s customs and culture have been a topic of interest for many anthropologists. Much interestingly, just 950-odd people live in "Totopara".

What's more, local excursions could be arranged to tour tea gardens of the nearby region to see how tea is manufactured there. However, it needs to be ensured that prior permission has duly been obtained for the same.

Gorumara National Park

Much famous for the Asiatic One-horned Rhinos, the lovely wildlife destination of Gorumara is picturesquely situated in the Dooars, Jalpaiguri. In the year 1949, Gorumara Forest was made a wildlife sanctuary. Then it was just a small forest. It went on to become a national park in 1992.

Gorumara National Park has tremendous tourism value. With a total area of 89 sq kms of diverse forest this wildlife spot, located by the Murti River, boasts of a large variety of flora and fauna. The many watchtowers, apart from the Forest Rest House of the Gorumara National Park, offer a stunning view of the whole area and the scenic Murti Valley.

Actually, the towers are the best place to watch the many wild animals of the park, more so rhino, elephant, bison and deer – the reason being they regularly visit the salt reservoir located just below the tower.

How to Reach

Lataguri, the nearest town, is pretty well connected with roads from Siliguri (80km) and Jalpaiguri (45km).


There are several guest houses in Lataguri where one can stay. One can also stay at the Murti Tourist Center – perhaps, the most comfortable forest rest house in the entire North Bengal. It is conveniently located just at the other side of the national park. Visitors may well use it as their base to visit and explore the many less explored surprises of Dooars and lower Kalimpong Hills, including Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary, Jhalong, Jaldhaka, Paren, Caron, Bindu, Jaldapara, apart from Diana.
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